Readers of previous items on this topic may be broadly familiar with the intended workings of new section CB 6A but we have summarised the essential features here as well as identifying a few fish-hooks for the unwary:
One of the interesting aspects to emerge from the short but widely subscribed public consultation process was that a number of heavyweight submitters supported the law changes and associated policy objectives, chief of which is to improve compliance with the land taxing provisions and to obtain better information from all people dealing in New Zealand property. We note that broad support was expressed in this regard by the Auckland District Law Society, Chartered Accountants Australia and New Zealand, the Bankers Association, the Real Estate Institute and the Property Investors Federation.
If you need advice on the new legislation or any other land taxing rules, including the range of exclusions that exist, please contact your usual advisor at Johnston Associates for guidance.
In some situations you may have purchased secondhand goods to use in your business but didn’t pay GST on the purchase because the seller wasn’t GST registered. The good news is you can still claim a GST credit as long as the goods were located in New Zealand at the time of purchase and the details of your purchase have been recorded.
You may consider buying secondhand items for your business to save money. Even if the seller isn’t GST registered you can still make a claim for GST.
Regardless of which accounting basis you use, you must make a payment for the goods before you can claim a GST credit for the purchase.
Secondhand goods are commonly defined as goods previously used and paid for by someone else. In the context of GST, secondhand goods don’t include:
When purchasing secondhand goods from associated people, the GST credit you can claim is treated differently.
Associated people are:
If you purchase secondhand goods from an associated person who is not GST registered, the GST claim is based on the lowest of:
When purchasing secondhand goods you may not always receive a tax invoice. In this case you must record the following:
You may be aware, the Taxation (Land Information and Offshore Persons Information) Bill has had its first reading in Parliament and is on track to be implemented on 1 October 2015. As the Bill currently stands, it will affect most property transactions settling from 1 October 2015.
In order to prepare for 1 October 2015, we strongly advise clients that will be affected by this regime and encourage them to take the necessary steps to obtain an IRD number if they do not already have one. If they are an ‘offshore person’ they will also require a New Zealand bank account number.
That includes non-income generating ‘passive trusts’ that own the main home, regardless of who is in occupation. There are many thousands of Family Trusts that will not currently have an IRD number and we have made IRD aware of the implications and timing. To date IRD is still insisting on the 1 October commencement date, notwithstanding the Bill has not yet passed.
Resident IRD applications must be posted to IRD. However, non-resident (offshore) IRD number applications can be emailed to IRD. Non-resident (offshore persons’) applications are likely to take longer because of the need to open a New Zealand bank account and meet anti-money laundering and Foreign Account Tax Compliance Act requirements.
It is hard to believe we are through the first half of 2015 and although it has been stated that the New Zealand economy is still seen as a “rock star” economy, I am sure some of you in business may strongly challenge this. With the NZ dollar weakening and dairy prices falling, there have been plenty of businesses that have struggled for some time.
Recent figures from the Insolvency and Trustee Services show 1979 people went bankrupt in the year to June 30, up from 1921 the previous year, showing the first increase since 2009. The increase is small but it is a change in direction from the past five years where numbers have steadily fallen from the 3054 people who went bankrupt in the year to June 30, 2010.
The biggest reason people gave for going into bankruptcy in the 2014 year was losing their job or income with one in five people citing that.
The biggest mistakes people made that landed them in bankruptcy were failing to try and make a deal with the person or business they owed money to, not selling the family home and not telling their other half about financial difficulties.
People are quite reluctant to bankrupt someone, most people would rather do a deal. But where people come unstuck is refusing to deal with the person they owe money to. That causes that person to harden their stance and the debt increases.
Bankruptcy normally lasts 3 years and during this time a bankrupt can’t leave the country, go into or manage a business, or be employed by a relative without the consent of the Official Assignee.
During the bankruptcy a bankrupt can’t raise credit in excess of $1000 without disclosing their bankruptcy and must advise the Official Assignee of where they are living, working and what they earn.
Available assets (with the exemption of some statutory assets that remain with a bankrupt) will be sold and the proceeds used to repay creditors.
Public notification of the fact of the bankruptcy is recorded on the Information Technology Services website and stays there for at least 7 years.
In July 2015 Building and Housing Minister Nick Smith announced some important changes to The Residential Tenancies Act 1986 that will affect us all.
Although the changes are yet to be made official, they will be presented to Parliament by October of this year in a Residential Tenancies Amendment Bill and it is safe to assume that this will become law.
Disclaimer – While all care has been taken, Johnston Associates Chartered Accountants Ltd and its staff accept no liability for the content of this newsletter; always see your professional advisor before taking any action that you are unsure about.